Understanding Varicocele: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options at MIPS Center

Varicocele is a medical condition that is prevalent among men, affecting up to 15% of them. To help you better understand this condition, we have created a detailed guide that covers everything you need to know about varicocele. We will explore the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options, including the cutting-edge Varicocele Embolization procedure at the MIPS Center in Denver, Colorado.

Varicocele affects the male reproductive system, causing the veins in the scrotum to enlarge and become twisted. This can lead to decreased fertility and testicular atrophy. These veins, known as pampiniform plexus veins, play a crucial role in regulating blood flow to the testicles. When these veins become swollen or twisted, it can lead to various symptoms, including pain, discomfort, and swelling in the affected area. In some cases, varicoceles may also cause testicular atrophy, infertility, or other complications.

We aim to provide valuable information to help you make informed decisions about your health and well-being.

Causes of Varicocele

The exact cause of varicocele is unclear, but several factors contribute to its development.

  1. Faulty Valves: Varicocele is a common condition often caused by malfunctioning valves within the spermatic cord. These valves regulate blood flow through the veins, essential in preventing the accumulation of blood and the consequent enlargement of the veins. When these valves fail to function properly, blood pools in the veins, leading to the development of varicocele. This pooling of blood can cause discomfort, pain, and infertility issues in some cases. Therefore, it is crucial to seek medical attention if you suspect that you may be experiencing symptoms of varicocele.
  2. Genetics: While the exact cause of varicocele is not fully understood, it has been observed that some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to this condition, which can run in families. If you have a close family member who has had varicocele, you may be at a higher risk of developing this condition yourself.


Symptoms of Varicocele

While varicocele may not always exhibit noticeable symptoms, they can include:

  • Pain or Discomfort: Many individuals with varicocele experience dull, aching pain in the scrotum, especially after physical activity or prolonged standing.
  • Testicular Atrophy: In severe cases, varicocele can lead to testicular atrophy, causing one testicle to become smaller than the other.
  • Infertility: Varicocele is a common cause of male infertility, as it can disrupt sperm production and quality.


Diagnosing varicocele typically involves a physical examination by a healthcare professional. Additional tests, such as an ultrasound, may be recommended to confirm the diagnosis.

Varicocele Embolization in Denver, CO: MIPS Center Approach

What is Varicocele Embolization? 

Varicocele embolization is a minimally invasive procedure that involves inserting a coil or embolic fluid into the enlarged vein via a catheter. This diverts blood flow away from the dilated vein, reducing blood supply to the testicles. By regulating the blood flow, your doctor can also better regulate their temperature, read more.

What to Expect During Varicocele Embolization 

During a varicocele embolization, a coil or embolic fluid is inserted via a catheter to divert blood flow from the enlarged vein, reducing the amount of blood supply to the testicles. Your doctor uses imaging software to ensure proper redirection of the excess blood. By regulating the blood flow to the testicles, your doctor can better control their temperature, improving the chances of conception read more.

Benefits of Varicocele Embolization 

Varicocele embolization offers numerous advantages:

  • Minimal pain
  • Quick procedure (usually takes about an hour)
  • Immediate relief from painful symptoms
  • Speedy recovery (1-2 days)
  • No permanent scarring
  • Return to sexual activities in approximately one week (depending on your doctor’s recommendation)
  • Low risk of sexual disfunction
  • Impressive success rate of 90%, equivalent to surgical alternatives

Schedule Consultation Varicocele Embolization at MIPS Center 

If you have questions about varicocele embolization and whether it’s the right choice, contact MIPS Center to meet with our interventional radiologists. To schedule a consultation at our interventional radiology clinic in Denver, Colorado, please call (303) 805-7477 or request an appointment online.