Treatment for Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) In Denver, CO
Peripheral artery disease most often affects blood vessels in your legs, as arteries become blocked by a buildup of cholesterol. The radiologists at Minimally Invasive Procedure Specialists will provide an expert diagnosis and treatment plan based off of your symptoms and lifestyle. If you are suffering from symptoms of PAD, contact Minimally Invasive Procedure Specialists to schedule your consultation today.
What is Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)?
PAD is a serious condition that affects up to 10 million Americans. Commonly occurring in the legs and pelvis, PAD is the most common form of peripheral vascular disease (PVD). It is a narrowing or blockage of the arteries that supply oxygenated blood to the outer areas of the body. The main culprit in developing PAD is atherosclerosis; a build-up of plaque along the arterial wall resulting in arteries becoming thick and stiff. PAD may also be a hereditary condition associated with obesity, lack of physical activity, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and aging (over 60).
Common Symptoms of PAD
When the arteries of the legs become narrowed or blocked, you can experience symptoms of leg pain with walking, leg pain at rest, and open wounds that will not heal and possibly tissue loss. Other symptoms of PAD include:
- Claudication: Pain, tightness, weakness or cramping in legs after exercise
- Numbness or coldness in outer extremities including legs, arms, fingers and toes
- Thinning or loss of hair on arms or legs
- Ulcers on the skin
- Loss of sensation in the arms or legs
- Muscle spasms
- Erectile dysfunction
How is PAD Diagnosed?
Proper diagnosis of PAD involves assessing the circulation in the legs and comparing blood pressures of the legs and arms (ankle-brachial index). Using a stethoscope, your physician can listen and assess circulation in the legs. The strength of the pulse in the legs is also checked. In turn, blood tests may be administered, along with treadmill tests, ultrasound, an MRI, electrocardiogram or an x-ray of blood vessels that have been injected with dye (angiography).
This is a minimally invasive diagnostic examination that is used to determine the extent of disease present in the arterial system. A small catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin thru a tiny nick in the skin. The catheter is then directed to the area of the body which is to be studied using special X-ray equipment called flouroscopy. Examination of the arteries going to the legs can frequently be done in the office. The exam is also used specifically to diagnose blockages in those arteries.
If a blockage is seen, the appropriate treatment can also be performed at the same time. Often, another procedure called a CT arteriogram will be performed prior to a diagnostic angiography in order to get a basic idea of where the problem may be. The diagnostic angiogram, which is more detailed than the CT arteriogram, can then be focused on the areas that are most likely to be the cause of the problem.
Treatment Options at Minimally Invasive Procedure Specialists
Patients suffering from PAD can be treated by the radiologists at Minimally Invasive Procedure Specialists. After the cause is identified, a treatment plan is developed by our team that’s best for your individual health. Very mild cases may include recommendations for a diet to help lower blood sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure, or an exercise plan to help relieve pain from intermittent claudication. You may also need medications to reduce leg pain or to thin blood and treat hypertension or high cholesterol.
For more severe cases, our specialists utilize the latest devices and most advanced treatment techniques including:
Performed as a minimally invasive procedure by our interventional radiologists, an angioplasty helps to restore blood flow through a narrowed or blocked artery. Learn more about angioplasty.
Occasionally, during an angioplastic procedure, our interventional radiologists may determine that a stent is needed to help keep the artery open after the procedure. Learn more about stenting.
Treatment for PAD in Denver
If you still have questions regarding treatment for PAD, we encourage you to schedule an appointment with MIPS Center today by calling (303) 805-7477. You may also request an appointment online using our secure form.